Leaving monies for the benefit of others
From very early times many townspeople had left lands or monies in their wills for the benefit of others. Such charities were usually administered by the churchwardens who usually invested the monies and employed the rents from donated lands and properties for the charities. The details of some of the charities are inscribed on boards in the tower of St John’s church and the Churchwarden's Accounts make very frequent mention of the distribution of the charity gifts.
It should be noted that 'Second Poor' were those poor people not receiving assistance, financial or otherwise, from the Parish.
John Jean's Gift to poor ploughmen and labourers
John Jean’s will
of 15 March 1725
be given to each
of ten poor
on lands of Mr
annual value of
this bequest in
estimated at £5
per annum (about
£400 at 2017's value).
“John Jeans, by will, dated the 15th March 1725, gave the house in which he dwelt, with the malt-houses, &c., &c.. and his two grounds called Long Closes, and a ground called Beer Hill, all which premises are situated in Yeovil, (after certain estates for life intail) to Thomas Shane, in fee, to pay ten poor ploughmen of the parish of Yeovil, 5s a piece, the first payment to be made upon the Christmas-day next after the premises, or any part there of, should be vested in the said Thos. Shane; also ten other poor labouring men of the parish of Yeovil, 5s each on Easter-day. The sum of 5s is accordingly annually paid by Mr Isaac, to the ten poor ploughmen of Yeovil, at Christmas (old style), and 5s to ten poor labourers of Yeovil, at Easter (old style.)” (Vickery)
Andrew Ziles' Gift for 'decayed tradesmen'
will of 1727
gave £250 (about
2017's value) to
Poor’ with an
annual value of
£12. His will
the money was
such familys and
“Andrew Ziles, by will, dated 29th Sept., 1727, gave three trustees £250 in trust, to purchase therewith land in fee simple, the profits or rents to be distributed yearly amongst the poor of the parish of Yeovil, for the assistance of poor decayed tradesmen, and their families, - particularly to regard respectable widows and orphans; persons receiving parish relief to be excluded. He also directed that when one of his trustees should die another should be appointed. Previous to the year 1784, this sum of £250 had not been laid out in land, according to the donor's directions, but remained in the hands of trustees, at £4 per cent interest, of which only £9 were distributed amongst the poor, and £1 reserved for an annual dinner of the trustees. In 1784, Samuel Isaac and others purchased with the said £250, a close of meadow ground in the parish of Street, in the county of Somerset, containing by estimation seven acres, called Hound Wood. The land is now let for £14. The trustees meet annually at the house of one of them, and distribute the rent in small sums, generally from 3s to 10s, amongst decayed tradesfolk, widows, orphans, single persons, and some poor families. Persons who have once received this benefaction continue to do so if their conduct is approved.
Despite his generosity it is known that Andrew Ziles lived in one of the more humble properties in Yeovil Borough since in 1729 his house was only charged two shillings in the Window Tax because it had less than ten windows.
"This gift appears to have been received by the Churchwardens in 1730, of Mrs D Clarke, being in full for principal and interest of £25, part of Hodges' money lodged in the hands of Mr John Clarke, deceased. £17 appear to have been handed down to each successive Churchwarden by his predecessors, and 17s are entered as " paid by order of vestry, being a charitable legacy left in trust to the poor of the parish." In 1784 Mr George Shew and Mr W Rowe, were appointed Churchwardens. Mr Rowe living at a distance, paid Mr Shew five guineas in consideration of his performing the duties. Mr Shew became insolvent in 1784. Application was made for the payment of the money to Mr Rowe, as the parish considered him responsible for the acts of his deputy. Mr Rowe subsequently paid the money." (Vickery)
Thomas Cheeseman's Gift
of 20 March 1730
£350 at 2017's value), charged
on lands of John
at Easter. In
estimated at two
"Thomas Cheesman, by will, dated 20th March, 1730, gave to the poor of the parish of Yeovil, 50s. per annum, to be paid every Easter after his decease, by his executrix, out of his estate at Homer. John Hooper, Esq., is the proprietor of the estates charged, and distributes annually, on the day after Christmas day, £2 10s in sums varying from 2s to 6d." (Vickery)
William Neal's Gift of Butcher's Meat
William Neal's will provided for the interest of £500 to be disposed of annually, the day after Christmas Day, in beef. The Churchwardens' Accounts for 1833 recorded the following -
Extract from the will of William Neale Esq dated 25th December 1833 "To the Churchwardens of Yeovil in the County of Somerset the sum of £500 (about £40,000 at 2017's value) to be invested by them at Interest in the name of three trustees to be appointed at a Public Vestry in the said town and the annual produce thereof to be given to poor persons of the said Town of Yeovil in Butcher's Meat on the 23rd day of December in every year for ever, as the Churchwardens and overseers for the time being of Yeovil aforesaid may seem most deserving not exceeding twenty pounds of meat in one year to each family and I hereby direct that the number of trustees shall be always kept up and the said trust fund kept transferred and vested in the names of the several trustees for the time being." The testator died on 1st March 1834 and his will was proved by the executors thereof in the prerogative Court on the 22nd of the same month.
Dorothy Bull's Gift of Sixpenny Loaves and a Good Friday Sermon
"The payment of £3 11s per annum is charged upon an estate at Yeovil, now the property of Mr. Prowse; 21 shillings to be given to a clergyman, for preaching a sermon on Good Friday, and the remainder to be expended in the purchase of one hundred sixpenny loaves, which are distributed in each year, on the same day, to one hundred of the 'Second Poor' of the parish; this distribution is annually made by Mr Prowse's steward. The tradition in the parish is that this donation was made by a Mr Clarke, who was the father of Dorothy Bull." (Vickery)
James Clarke's Gift of Sixpenny Loaves and a Good Friday Sermon
James Clarke "Gave fifty shillings Yearly to one hundred of the Second Poor to be delivered in sixpenny Loaves on Good Friday, besides one Pound to the Clergyman for preaching a Sermon on that day; charged on Lands of Geo. Prowse Esq."
.... and finally
"It would not be doing justice to the present inhabitants of this town, were it not also to be recorded that there are various local charities to which they liberally contribute, such as Day and Sunday Schools, Coal Charities, District Visiting, Dorcas, and other Societies. There are also well organised and generously supported Auxiliaries to all the religious Societies of the Metropolis; and it may be safely said, that in proportion to its size and population, Yeovil is not, in this respect, behind any other town in England. It is stated by Mr Tompkins, Secretary of the Yeovil Guardian Friendly Society, an excellent authority upon these matters, that there exist in Yeovil more than thirty Benefit Societies. He states he has received returns from eighteen, from which it appeared that in one year 1,165 sick members had received pay, amounting to £445 17s 9d, and on account of funerals, £242 1s, making a total of relief afforded, £687 15s 9d (in excess of £56,000 at 2017's value)." (Vickery).
The Charity Board, dated 1837, outlining some of Yeovil's benefactors. The board hangs on the wall of the tower of St John's church.