yeovil at War
Roland Valentine Sutton
Killed in action during the Third Battle of Ypres
Roland Valentine Sutton, known as Val, was born in 1882 at Stoke sub Hamdon. He was the son of leather glove cutter Rowland Sutton (b 1858) and Ellen née Moore (b 1856), originally from Weymouth, Dorset. In the 1891 census Rowland and Ellen were living at 2 North Terrace with their children; Henry J (b 1881), Valentine R (rather than Roland V), Fred KJ (b 1883), Arthur C (b 1885), Beatrice E (b 1886) and Ethel L (b 1889).
In the winter of 1907 Val married Lizzie Maud S Hunt at Yeovil. In the 1911 census Val and Lizzie were living at 6 North Terrace, Newtown with their two-year old son Reginald Charles. Val listed his occupation as a leather glove cutter. He worked at Whitby's leather factory in Middle Street. They were later to move to 4 Mount Pleasant and have another child.
Val enlisted at Yeovil in January 1917 (Service No 203264), joining the 6th (Service) Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry. After undergoing training at Boscombe and Sutton Veny, he was drafted to France during March 1917 in time to take part in the Second Battle of Arras.
The second battle of Arras (9 April-16 May 1917) was the British contribution to the Allied spring offensive of 1917. The French would attack on the Aisne, the British around Arras. The British attack would start first. It would involve troops from three armies. In the north the Canadian corps of the First Army would attack Vimy Ridge. In the centre of the line the Third Army would attack from Arras. Finally, the British Fifth Army would attack on the right of the line. The attack on Vimy Ridge was one of the best planned British offensives of the war. General Byng, the British commander of the corps, made sure that his men were well trained and knew their role in the upcoming attacks. Twelve tunnels, one 2.5km long, were built leading up to the front line to protect the troops during their approach to the lines. On 9 April the Canadians stormed out of their tunnels and captured the ridge on the first day of the battle. By 13 April the Germans had accepted the loss of the ridge and pulled back to their third line of defences, the III Stellung (the Oppy-Mericourt Line), four miles further east. The Third Army had also constructed a tunnel system, taking advantage of the underground chalk quarries at Arras. The entire British attack was supported by 2,879 guns each of which had close to 1,000 shells. The German commander on the Arras sector, General von Falkenhausen, believed his position to be too strong to be taken in a single day, and so had placed his reserves some fifteen miles behind the front lines. When VI Corps of Third Army launched its attack on 9 April they were able to overwhelm the German front line, and in some places advanced more than three miles. Only to the south was progress limited. The British attack had made impressive progress, but it had not achieved a breakthrough on the first day. This allowed the Germans to rush their reinforcements into the gap, launching a series of counterattacks and slowing down the British attack. A renewed British attack at Bullecourt (11 April) failed to make any progress and the attack was suspended. The British renewed their efforts around Arras on 23 April, but even a well planned second battle of Bullecourt (3-17 May) failed to make any real headway. Haig then cancelled the Arras offensive and turned his attention back to his favoured sector of the front in Flanders. The month of fighting around Arras cost the British 84,000 casualties and the Germans 75,000. Tactically it was a clear British victory and the seizure of Vimy Ridge was a significant achievement, but the overall plan had failed. Neither the British nor French had been able to achieve the breakthrough.
All of June and much of July was relatively quiet for the 6th Battalion but from the date he was killed, 22 August 1917, it is known that Val Sutton took part in the Third Battle of Ypres.
The Regimental History of the Somerset Light Infantry recalls the events of that day "For several days the weather had been fine and warm with a drying wind and as a consequence the battle area was in better condition than in previous operations which had taken place during August. Zero hour for the attack was 7am on 22nd, and at 7:05am, when the Artillery barrage lifted, the two battalions of the 43rd Brigade - 6th Somersets on the right and 6th Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry on the left - "went over the top." Of the Somersets No 1 Company was on the right, No 4 on the left, No 2 in immediate support, and No 3 formed the last wave. With the exception of a portion of No 4 Company the leading waves reached the edge of Inverness Copsw with only slight casualties. A strong-point at the north-west corner of the Copse had held up a portion of No 4 Company. No 2 Company, detailed for mopping up, also suffered casualties from another enemy strong point about 200 yards west of Fitzclarence Farm; but the point was successfully dealt with, though the defenders fought gallantly enough, the post being in flames, from bombs, when captured. At 8:01am a message was sent back to the Brigade that the post had been taken.
Meanwhile Nos 1 and 4 Companies had pushed on, followed by the remainder of No 2 and No 3 Companies. Small numbers of No 4 reached the objective but without officers. No 1 had heavy fighting round Herenthage Château before it was captured.... Some 60 prisoners were taken here and sent back. In all 130 Germans were sent back from the western edge of the Copse.
About 8:30am Nos 1, 2 and 4 Companies sent back word to battalion headquarters that they had been severely depleted in numbers. The CO therefore pushed No 3 Company up to the eastern edge of Inverness Copse and asked for support from the Brigade and 10th Durham Light Infantry.... A series of messages showing the desperate position in the front line now reached the CO from the OC No 3 Company. These messages are admirably set out in the Battalion narrative of operations and give a clear view of the straits the gallant Somerset men were put to: the messages are given in full as they would loose force if paraphrased.
"9:30am. Arrived at eastern edge of Copse with few oddments, about 70 men in all. We were being surrounded so had been forced to withdraw. Both flanks in air. We must have reinforcements." This was followed by a pigeon message: "9:55am. Have arrived. Strength two platoons east edge of Copse. Am being surrounded so we must fall back. No further supports have arrived." The next message is timed 10:05am "Pushed back from east edge of Copse. More reinforcements required. Lees (10th DLI) unable to give me any more. Am still holding the largest part of Copse."
About 1pm a hostile party of about one hundred Germans marched up the Menin Road and turned south, just where the Château road joined up with the former. Several small parties of the enemy, each of about twenty men, were also seen moving up north and south. Next, a whole battalion of Germans was observed advancing over the ridge east of Inverness Copse. In response to our SOS the guns opened fire and these hostile advances were checked. But again, about 2 pm, the enemy was seen massing in the valley of the Bassevillebeek and some minutes later he was reported "Advancing towards us north of Menin Road, 400 yards in front of our line." Machine-gun, Lewis-gun and artillery fire again checked this advance and dispersed the enemy.... During the night the 6th Somersets and one company of the DLI, who had been holding the front line throughout the whole day, were relieved by the KOYLI and other companies of the Durhams, and moved back to the western edges of Inverness Copse in support. The Somerset men were greatly exhausted. In addition to the attack early in the morning of 22nd, they had had to beat off three counter attacks pressed with vigour. It is impossible to give the numbers of the battalion at this period, but they must have been small, and it was but a remnant which held the western edges of the Copse."
Val Sutton was killed in action on this day, 22 August 1917. He was aged 35. This same day, and in the same action, another Yeovil man Sidney Hawker was reported missing in action, presumed killed.
On 7 September 1917 the Western Gazette reported "His many friends in the town will regret to learn of the death in action in France on Thursday August 23rd of Private RV (Val) Sutton (Somerset LI), husband of Mrs Sutton of 4 Mount Pleasant, Newtown, third son of Mr R Sutton of 43 St. Michael’s Road. The information was sent to his wife by Second Lieutenant H Frampton, the officer commanding, in the following letter which was received on Friday morning:- “ I very much regret having to write to inform you of the very sad death of your husband, Private RV Sutton, who was killed in action on August 23rd during a splendid attack. He was killed instantly during the advance and suffered no pain. I am indeed sorry to lose him, as he was an excellent soldier, willing and energetic. Please accept my sympathy, together with that of the officers, NC officers and men of the Company.” The late Priv. Sutton joined the Army in January of the present year, up to which time he was a glove cutter at Messrs. Whitby’s. After undergoing training at Boscombe and Sutton Veny, he was drafted to France during March last. He was keenly interested in sport, and was a playing member of the old Harlequins Football Club and had served on the Committee of the Yeovil Town Club. He was also a member of the Loyal “Alexandra” Lodge of Oddfellows. Of a quiet but genial and straightforward disposition, he won a large circle of friends, who have expressed the greatest sympathy with the widow and two young children who are left to mourn his death - In his younger days deceased was connected with the Newtown Primitive Methodist Sunday School and afterwards with the Wesleyan Young Men’s Bible Class, and at both places of worship on Sunday, the pulpit was draped with the Union Jack, and Mr G Bird, leader of the Wesleyan Class referred to the sad event. The late Private Sutton was 35 years of age. He has two brothers, Arthur and Fred, discharged from the Army, Arthur having been wounded at Mons, and discharged in consequence, Percy the youngest brother, in India with the local Territorials, whilst the eldest son Harry, is at Lowestoft. At a meeting of the Loyal Alexandra Lodge of Oddfellows on Tuesday evening a vote of sympathy was passed with the widow, and a resolution recording the loss of a respected and valued member was passed in silence."
Taken during the Second Battle of Arras, fought between 9 April and 16 May 1917.
British troops returning for a rest after the Battle of Arras.
Allied soldiers photographed at the Third Battle of Ypres, 1917.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission certificate in memory of Roland Valentine.
The British Cemetery at Hooge, date unknown. Note the soldiers on the right of the image digging graves
Roland Valentine's headstone.
Hooge Crater Cemetery, Leper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium
Hooge Chateau and its stables were the scene of very fierce fighting throughout the First World War. On 31 October 1914, the staff of the 1st and 2nd Divisions were wiped out when the chateau was shelled; from 24 May to 3 June 1915, the chateau was defended against German attacks and in July 1915, the crater was made by a mine sprung by the 3rd Division. On 30 July, the Germans took the chateau, and on 9 August, it and the crater were regained by the 6th Division. The Germans retook Hooge on 6 June 1916 and on 31 July 1917, the 8th Division advanced 1.6 Kms beyond it. It was lost for the last time in April 1918, but regained by the 9th (Scottish) and 29th Divisions on 28 September.
Hooge Crater Cemetery was begun by the 7th Division Burial Officer early in October 1917. It contained originally 76 graves, in Rows A to D of Plot I, but was greatly increased after the Armistice when graves were brought in from the battlefields of Zillebeke, Zantvoorde and Gheluvelt. There are now 5,923 Commonwealth servicemen of the First World War buried or commemorated in this cemetery. 3,579 of the burials are unidentified, but special memorials record the names of a number of casualties either known or believed to be buried among them, or whose graves in other cemeteries were destroyed by shell fire. The cemetery was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.