high street

high street

One of Yeovil's first streets

 

Being within the confines of the early Borough of Yeovil and in the edge of the early churchyard precinct, High Street was one of Yeovil's first streets.

In 1386 High Street was noted as being maintained under letters patent of King Richard II “Grant to Richard Fauntleroy and Richard Bursy, good men of Yeovil, of pavage for 5 years for the high street, which runs through the middle of their town.” Pavage was a medieval toll for the maintenance or improvement of a road or street. The king, by letters patent, granted the right to collect it to an individual, or the corporation of a town, or, as in the case of Yeovil, to the "bailiffs and good men" of the town.

A deed of 1407 refers to High Street “Demise by John Ganvill', rector of the parish church of Ievele, and lord of that vill, to William Martyn, Joan his wife, and William their son, of a messuage in the High Street of Ievele (Yeovil).Witnesses:—William Graungere, provost (propositus) of Ivele, and others”. An indenture in the Woborn Muniments of 1433 records "William Lumbard grants to John Kingman and Johanna his wife for their lives a messuage with 'selar' and garden which Nicholas Rocke lately held of him within the free borough of Yevele on the east side of the tenement of Isabella Bentley and the 'selar' is on the east side of the messuage under a 'shoppe' which John Hobbes lately held in the High Street as an annual rent of 26s 8d.

Vickery, in 1856, described High Street as follows “The houses in High-street and its vicinity consisted chiefly of low pent-house buildings of wood and plaster, covered with thatch, and almost impervious to light and air; a friend recollects many of them. The shop now occupied by Mr Manning had an ascent of three or four steps before persons could reach it, and when they did their hats touched the ceiling. This was the case, more or less, with many houses. Some also had two or three steps descending to the door. Our plodding, canny forefathers appear to have studied economy, and looked for sure and steady profits, caring little for external show, and much less for internal accommodation”.

Even in the early twentieth century High Street was often referred to as the Borough. On the other hand the Borough is the traditional name for the old market place, the wide area at the junction of High Street, Silver Street, Middle Street and Wine Street although technically the Borough doesn't exist as a postal address and is actually part of High Street.

 

MAP






The 1901 Ordnance Survey showing High Street and the Borough, technically all High Street.

 

gallery



This painting, of around 1830, looks down High Street from its junction with Hendford / Princes Street. On the left the Mermaid with its familiar archway and large overhanging sign is clearly seen. On the opposite side of the road, just right of centre, the white three storey building with the two-storey projecting bay is the Kings Head Inn. It is likely that the two storey building next to the Kings Head Inn is the building that held the former George Inn.

 

A celebratory sketch dated 1850 of the Town Hall and Market House opened the previous year. The clock, illustrated here in the pediment, was a bit of wishful thinking as the actual clock was not installed until 1864 and even then wasn't set into the pediment as shown here, but mounted in a short tower so that all four faces of the clock could be seen. The George Inn, referred to in the previous painting, is at extreme left.

 

This is about the earliest photograph I've found of High Street - it was taken between 1887 (when the 3-light Sugg lamp in the foreground was presented to the town to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria) and 1897 (when the three storey Capital and Counties Bank opened on the corner of High Street and Princes Street - replacing the building seen here at left). Of greatest interest, perhaps, is that this building preceding the bank, the home and shop of furniture maker Henry White, had an arched Venetian window at first floor similar to that above the Mermaid's entrance.

 


Courtesy of Colin Haine

The junction of Princes Street at left and High Street at right around 1900 when horse-power meant horse-power.

 

The corner of Princes Street, at left, and High Street, at right, photographed in 1906.

 

This photograph looks along High Street to Hendford - the triumphal arch was the highlight of the town's decorations of the 1902 coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. In the background at left is Stuckey's Bank and at centre is Linsey Denner's  "gentleman's and juvenile ready-made and outfitting establishment". Note to its immediate right the very narrow entrance to Porter's Lane. Stuckey's bank was later demolished and the present Westminster bank was opened in today's building in 1919. Denner's building was also demolished and Porter's Lane was widened to become Westminster Street as seen below.

 


From my collection

High Street photographed around 1914, with Stuckey's Bank in the background.

 

A postcard of High Street looking west of around 1915 (certainly taken before Stuckey's Bank in Hendford was demolished) with Ince Gamis' shop at right (with two large lamps). The building was to be rebuilt in 1932.

 


Courtesy of the Western Gazette

Although the Western Gazette dates this photograph to 1920, it must have been taken a year or two earlier than that because it shows Stuckey's Bank at centre - demolished and replaced by today's Westminster Bank building that opened in 1919.

 


From my collection

Almost the same view in this is an interesting photograph of the late 1920s taken from High Street and showing the newly-built bank building at left and the newly-widened Westminster Street ahead. Notice that very few buildings existed in Westminster Street at this time except the Heart of Oak pub (now the Westminster) on the corner of Clarence Street. At right is the Mermaid without shops.

 

.... and moving on to the 1930s - apart from the shops in front of the Mermaid, the only real changes are in Westminster Street where Douglas Seaton's tower is seen on the corner with Clarence Street and a new building has sprung up by the side of the Heart of Oak.

 

.... and almost the same view - Westminster Street seen from High Street in the mid-1960s.

 


From my collection

The junction of Hendford, Princes Street and High Street shown in the 1950 Yeovil Guide.

 

A very early photograph, dating to about 1860, shows High Street as seen from the Borough. Notice that at this stage the Town Hall lacks a clock tower which was not to be erected until 1864 but taken down in 1887 as unsafe.

 


From my collection

A postcard of about 1905 (this one was posted in 1911) showing the Town Hall beyond the weekly market in the Borough that extended along High Street.

 


This photograph was taken by Yeovil Photographer Jarratt Beckett and published in his 1897 book  "Somerset viewed through a Camera".

 

A postcard of High Street, dated 1905. John Gliddon's shop is at left with the five large lamps outside. On the opposite side of the road, the columned building is the Town Hall.

 

A hand-coloured postcard, dated 1906, showing High Street as seen from the first floor of the Stuckey's Bank building in Hendford.

 


Courtesy of the Western Gazette

.... and the photograph the postcard above was taken from.

 


From my collection

High Street, looking towards the Borough, in a postcard of 1960.

 


Courtesy of the Western Gazette

High Street, looking towards the Borough. Photographed in 2007.

 

A hand-coloured and heavily touch-up photograph of High Street dating to 1907. If you look closely you will see that most of the people, as in the previous postcard, all of whom have no shadows, have been added to the photograph in the photographer's studio.

 

A postcard dated 1970, looking west along High Street from the junction of King George Street.

 


From my collection

Almost the same view in the later 1970s - again looking west along High Street from the junction with King George Street (on the left)

 


From my collection

High Street, seen from the Borough. This postcard was sent in 1904.

 


From my collection

High Street, again seen from the Borough. This postcard was sent in 1905.

 

A heavily hand-tinted postcard of the Borough and High Street also dating to about 1907.

 

Crowds in the Borough and High Street awaiting the declaration of the election from the Town Hall in 1910.

 

The weekly market in High Street about 1912. The shop in the extreme top left corner is today's Superdrug.

 


From my collection

A hand-coloured postcard of High Street dating to about 1910, just before the Town Hall got its new clock tower.

 

This photograph of High Street dates to about 1914, by which time the Town Hall clock tower had been built. The building at the far end is Stuckey's Bank that predated the present bank building.

 

A postcard of High Street dating to about 1916.

 

The High Street junction with Hendford, colloquially known a "Denner's Corner" before Lynsey Denner expanded his mercantile empire by acquiring more and more properties on this and the opposite corner.

 


From my collection

High Street seen from the junction with Hendford. This photograph, from around 1910, gives a really good indication of just how large Sugg lamps were. Nice to see that even before my time lads used to hang around on street corners. Mind you, I don't think that even if I was around in 1910 I would have worn a boater and plus fours, let alone sport a cane.

 

A postcard dated 1904 showing High Street as seen from Hendford. At this time High Street itself was also colloquially known as The Borough. The three-lamp 'Sugg Lamp' was donated to the town in 1887 by the Gas and Coke Company to mark the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria.

 


From my collection

A very similar postcard, but this one was posted in 1907. Note that the lovely Sugg lamp has now been adorned with two tiny directional traffic signs; that pointing up Princes Street to Ilminster, Ilchester and Sparkford, while that pointing down Hendford to Dorchester and Crewkerne. I suppose they didn't have to be much bigger in those days as you had plenty of time to read them as you meandered past on your horse and cart.

 


From my collection

Now, be honest, you really don't hear Yeovil being described as a "giddy place" these days. This postcard was posted in 1904 - I'm glad they had such a "fine time" here.

 


From my collection

A hand-coloured postcard of High Street, this one postmarked 1910 but I've seen this card used as early as 1906, showing the new building in red brick between Denner's shop and the Town Hall (without its clock). Note the Fleur-de-Lys next door to the red building.

 


From my collection

A hand-coloured postcard of High Street, this one postmarked 1907.

 

A similar view in a postcard of the 1910s. Note that the Town Hall still has no clock tower.

 


From my collection

An almost identical to the previous by a couple of years later in this hand-coloured postcard as the Town Hall now has its new clock, erected in 1912.

 


From my collection

A postcard dated 1926 of the same view, but notice that the Town Hall has its second clock tower. The Town Hall was to burn down in 1935. Denner's shop-front now incorporates the two-storey building to its side.

 


From my collection

Although this postcard is postmarked 1938, the photograph was clearly taken before the Town Hall burnt down in 1935. Note that the Sugg lamp has now gone and the AA or RAC man on traffic duty has his own circle marked on the road (see below).

 


From my collection

An enlargement of the previous postcard showing the AA, RAC or policeman's traffic duty circular marking.

 


From my collection

High Street in a postcard I'm guessing to be from the late 1940s or early 1950s.

 


From my collection

A hand-coloured version of the same postcard.

 


From my collection

I'm not sure when the photograph of this postcard was taken but it must have been during the 1920's or 1930's judging by the AA and RAC signs (although, of course, the RAC was founded in 1897 and the AA in 1905).

 


From my collection

An unusual view of High Street. This is a postcard purchased in 1942 but the photograph was clearly taken before the Town Hall (at extreme left) burnt down in 1935.

 

So who remembers Barclay's Bank being on the corner of King George Street? as seen in this photograph of 1931.

 


Courtesy of Chris Rendell

Looking west along High Street to Westminster Street. Photographed in 1985.

 


From my collection

High Street seen from Hendford in this postcard of 1927. Note that the Sugg lamp is still here and a traffic policeman stands patiently by it, waiting for some traffic.

 

A postcard of the early 1950s - note that the traffic light posts have temporarily lost their post-war black and white stripes (undercoat perhaps? because they're back to being striped later). They did, of course, replace the policemen of the previous two postcards.

 


Courtesy of Yeovil - A Trip Back to the Past

High Street in 1950, seen from Westminster Street.

 

.... and seen from a different angle around the same time.

 

This postcard is dated 1966 - substantially unaltered from the previous photographs but one-way traffic is now in operation.

 


Courtesy of Chris Rendell

High Street, looking west, photographed in 1985.

 

I often wondered who put up Yeovil's Christmas decorations. This must have been the 1990s when Denners splashed out on dozens of Christmas trees.